Arabian Peninsula الجزيرة العربية

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The Draft Anti-Terrorism Law in Saudi Arabia: Legalizing the Abrogation of Civil Liberties

In July 2011, Amnesty International published a leaked copy of the draft Saudi Arabian Penal Law for Terrorism Crimes and Financing of Terrorism. This Anti-Terror Law, which grants the Ministry of Interior unprecedented levels of authority and discretion in intelligence gathering, policing, and detention, has already ...  Read More »

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Revolutionary Junctures: Documenting the Yemeni Uprising on Film

The two films presented here, “One day in the heart of the revolution ” and “Another day in the heart of the revolution,” provide snapshots of the Yemeni uprising in 2011. As a filmmaker, I wanted to show Yemenis who have taken to the streets, the ordinary citizens who fought for change against overwhelming odds. ...  Read More »

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الحركات السياسية في البحرين: الماضي والحاضر والمستقبل

‎قبل عام واحد، دعا ناشطون على الإنترنت إلى "ثورة ١٤ فبراير" على جزيرة البحرين الصغيرة. وقد تثير الإحتجاجات المستمرة دهشة البعض، ولكن تاريخ الحركات السياسية في البحرين وفي الخليج العربي طويل ويمتد إلى مئات السنين. ولوضع هذه الحركات في السياق، من الضروري أن نتعمق في هذا التاريخ من أجل فهم أفضل للحاضر ...  Read More »

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (April 2)

This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to by ...  Read More »

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Gold Bullets

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بيان الشباب السعودي

 بيان الشباب السعودي  -بخصوص ضمان الحريات وأدب الاختلاف- بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم نحن مجموعة من الشباب الناشط، نسعى جاهدين نحو تحقيق مقاصد الشريعة الإسلامية التي نفخر بالانتماء لها، ندرك ما لنا من حقوق وما علينا من واجبات، لا نقبل أن يشكك أحد في إسلامنا أو وطنيتنا، ولا نقبل أن يتحدث أي تيار أو اتجاه باسمنا ...  Read More »

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Bahrain Center for Human Rights Report on Human Rights Violations Since the BICI Report

[The following press release was issued by Bahrain Centre for Human Rights on 26 March 2012.] BCHR publishes today its new report, Post BICI Report, presenting the key findings from the ongoing effort to document human rights violations occurring in the state of Bahrain since the publication of the ...  Read More »

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Bahrain's Revolutionaries Speak: An Exclusive Interview with Bahrain's Coalition of February 14th Youth

In spite of claims that Bahrain’s revolution has failed, the reality is that peaceful protests, a campaign of civil disobedience, and anti-Al Khalifa energy is at an all-time high. The regime’s reliance on heavy-handed violence has failed to quell the country’s revolutionary spirit or stamp out the opposition. If ...  Read More »

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A Family Under Siege: The Khawajas in Bahrain

An important aspect of many of the popular movements of the Arab Spring has been the emergence of different generations of activists from the same families. Abdulhadi al-Khawaja and his daughters Zainab al-Khawaja and Maryam al-Khawaja epitomize such cross-familial activism. Abdulhadi is among the most renowned human ...  Read More »

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Press Release: Activists Refute Bahrain Government Claim of Reform Implementation

Activists Refute Bahrain Government Claim of Reform Implementation Researchers launch "Government Inaction" website to track government’s implementation of BICI Recommendations [Manama] The Bahraini government has failed to fully implement any of the recommendations made by a prominent rights commission ...  Read More »

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Bedoon Rights: An Online Reference on Statelessness in Kuwait

Bedoon Rights is a network founded by stateless Kuwaiti advocate Mona Kareem putting together contributions by a number of stateless volunteers mostly based in Kuwait. The network is the only online reference in English devoted for the case of statelessness in Kuwai. It provides relevant official ...  Read More »

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(Un)Historic Errors: Bahrain One Year On

On the eve of the first anniversary of the uprising in Bahrain, it might be time to step back from our usual celebration of the opposition’s “good fight” and take a more critical look at its discourse to date. So enamored was the world with the fact that a wealthy Gulf Arab state was about to rise in revolt, so ...  Read More »

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Video: "Down with Hamad" Chanted at 10 February 2012 Protest in Bahrain

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لن أخون وطني

بمَ يمكن أن يشهد مثقف خارج طائفته، وخارج نظامها السياسي الحاكم عليها بالموت؟ أتحدث عن المنامة هنا بما هي واجهة للسلطة السياسية التي أسندت إليها مهمة الاحتفال بعاصمة الثقافة العربية. أنا مثقف معارض لهذا النظام السياسي، ومعارض برسالتي الثقافية التي أجدها تتمثل في توسيع مساحة الحرية: حرية الفرد والجماعات والتجمّعات ...  Read More »

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Crocodiles of Arabia

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The Omani Spring: Towards the Break of a New Dawn?

[The following is the latest from the Arab Reform Initiative on Oman.] From February to mid-May 2011, an intense wave of protests swept the sultanate of Oman. As a result, the country has undergone changes on many levels: political, social, and economic. It is striking that in contrast to ...  Read More »

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The Nature of Oil: Reconsidering American Power in the Middle East

Timothy Mitchell, Carbon Democracy: Political Power in the Age of Oil. New York: Verso, 2011. Toby Craig Jones, Desert Kingdom: How Oil and Water Forged Modern Saudi Arabia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2010. Robert Vitalis, American Kingdom: Mythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier. Palo Alto: Stanford ...  Read More »

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Bahrain's Past and Present: An Interview with Nabeel Rajab

During the period of the 1940s through the 1960s, regime forces and oil company private security contractors violently crushed anti-colonial and anti-imperialist protest movements in places like Saudi Arabia and Bahrain (among many others), with the explicit approval of and material support from London and Washington ...  Read More »

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Red Lines and Human Rights: An Evaluation of the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry Report

On 23 November 2011, in one of the royal palaces in Bahrain, a lavish ceremony commenced with all the pomp of a great occasion. In the era of the so-called Arab Spring, this should have been an occasion to announce the handover of power to the people, akin to the Hong Kong handover ceremony in 1997. This, however, was ...  Read More »

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Bahrain's Assault on Medical Professionals

Bahrain's doctors, nurses and emergency workers treated scores of injured and saw the dead after security forces launched a brutal crackdown on protestors. Many are now paying a steep price for speaking out about what they witnessed. After traveling to Bahrain as part of an Amnesty International fact-finding mission ...  Read More »

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What Happens in Yemen: The "End" of Citizenship and How We Got Here

When Troy Davis was executed in Georgia, despite the recantation of seven of the nine witnesses who had testified against him and despite the lack of other material evidence implicating him in the murder for which he was convicted, it seemed like things could not get much worse for due process. Two weeks later, the ...  Read More »

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Bahrain's 14 Feb Coalition Press Release: Winning the Psychological War against a Defeated Regime

[The following press release was issued in both English and Arabic by Bahrain's 14 February Coalition on 24 September 2011.] Winning the Psychological War against a Defeated Regime The call of the 14 February Youth Coalition to the masses to participate in the ‘Friday Crawl’ to Martyrs Square (formerly Pearl ...  Read More »

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New Texts Out Now: Adam Hanieh, "Capitalism and Class in the Gulf Arab States"

Adam Hanieh, Capitalism and Class in the Gulf Arab States. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. Jadaliyya: What made you write this book? Adam Hanieh: Although this book is very much focused on the political economy of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, and ...  Read More »

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Trafficking and Foreign Labor in the Gulf: An Interview with Pardis Mahdavi

Earlier this month, the US State Department released its annual Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report, an inventory of the world’s efforts at combating the global trade in people. The 2011 report marks a turning point of sorts for US foreign policy. For the first time ever, the new TIP includes an assessment—if ...  Read More »

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إنتفاضة البحرين حتى التدخل السعودي [The Bahraini Uprising Until the Saudi Intervention]

عندما بدأت الإنتفاضة في البحرين في 14 من شباط/فبراير، تدفق الآلاف من المواطنين إلى الشوارع للمطالبة بالإصلاحات، بما في ذلك إصلاح الدستور، التحقيق في سرقة الأراضي العامة والذي يكلف خزينة الدولة مليارات الدولارات، وإنهاء التمييز المنظم. وسارعت الحكومة بإطلاق قواتها للتصدي للإحتجاجات. وفي خلال يومين، قتلت عناصر ...  Read More »

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Interview with Toby Jones on the Situation in Bahrain (Conducted by Sharam Aghamir)

[See Toby Jones on  Bahrain in Jadaliyya here] AUDIO PLAYER BELOW    On March 15th, Bahrain’s King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa declared a three-month emergency rule and invited armed forces of Saudi Arabia and other Arab states of the Persian Gulf to help quash two months of growing ...  Read More »

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Is Bahrain Back to Normal?

“Your remarkable and unflinching efforts have protected the lives of innocent people, restored order and maintained security and stability across Bahrain,” Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad al-Khalifa praised security forces on Friday March 25th for bringing life in Bahrain back to “normal.” As he thanked his dedicated ...  Read More »

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The Bidun of Kuwait: A Look Behind the Laws

In Kuwait, some young Bidun men and women often wonder what more they could offer the country to get accepted as one of its own. Their fathers had lost their lives liberating Kuwait from the Iraqi invasion in the 1990 Gulf War. Their ancestors had settled in Kuwait for three consecutive generations but Bidun ...  Read More »

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Kidnapped, Tortured, Killed: the 19th Victim of Police Brutality in Bahrain

Hani Abdul-Aziz Abdullah Jumah, 32,  is the nineteenth victim to fall prey to the Bahraini security forces' brutal attack on peaceful bystanders and protesters. Hani was killed on Saturday March 19th, 2011, but his family, who had been looking for him since, were only informed of his death on the evening of ...  Read More »

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Organizing for Change in Yemen

Much of the media attention has rightfully focused on the violence of the Saleh regime in the face of mass protests and various defections. At the heart of these dynamics, however, are everyday people that are out in the streets articulating their demands and organizing communities. Below are a number of videos ...  Read More »

About the Arabian Peninsula Page

Despite its regional and global significance, the Arabian Peninsula has played a tangential role in the study of the modern Middle East. Jadaliyya’s Arabian Peninsula Page seeks to further the debates on the region and its eighty million inhabitants from a myopic focus on statistics, conjecture, and religious violence to one on people and communities, everyday hardships and popular struggles, culture and politics. It will bring together scholars, writers, artists, bloggers, journalists, activists, and photographers who work on or live in Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. The goal is to provide an open and collaborative space for the production of knowledge on a region that has largely escaped critical engagement.


Arabian Peninsula Map and Stats

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Population:                                                   1,261,835
GDP ($ US billions 2009):                                      20.6
GDP Per Capita ($ US billions 2009):                17,609
Health Expenditure per capita ($ US 2009):      1,108
Military Expenditure (% of GDP 2008):                  3.0
Adult literacy rate (% age 15+):                            86.5
Internet Users (2010):                                     694,009


Population:                                                    2,736,732
GDP ($ US billions 2009):                                     109.5
GDP Per Capita ($ US billions 2009):                 41,365
Health Expenditure per capita ($ US 2009):      1,416
Military Expenditure (% of GDP 2008):                  3.0
Adult literacy rate (% age 15+):                            93.3
Internet Users (2010):                                   1,100,000


Population:                                                    2,782,435
GDP ($ US billions 2009):                                       46.9
GDP Per Capita ($ US billions 2009):                 17,280
Health Expenditure per capita ($ US 2009):         497
Military Expenditure (% of GDP 2008):                  7.6
Adult literacy rate (% age 15+):                            81.4
Internet Users (2010):                                   1,741,804


Population:                                                    1,758,793
GDP ($ US billions 2009):                                       98.3
GDP Per Capita ($ US billions 2009):                 61,532
Health Expenditure per capita ($ US 2009):      1,715
Military Expenditure (% of GDP 2008):                  2.3
Adult literacy rate (% age 15+):                               89
Internet Users (2010):                                   1,213,567


Population:                                                  27,448,086
GDP ($ US billions 2009):                                     372.7
GDP Per Capita ($ US billions 2009):                 15,711
Health Expenditure per capita ($ US 2009):         714
Military Expenditure (% of GDP 2008):                  8.0
Adult literacy rate (% age 15+):                            82.9
Internet Users (2010):                                 11,253,715


Population:                                                    7,511,690
GDP ($ US billions 2009):                                     270.3
GDP Per Capita ($ US billions 2009):                13,901
Health Expenditure per capita ($ US 2009):      1,520
Military Expenditure (% of GDP 2008):                  4.3
Adult literacy rate (% age 15+):                            88.7
Internet Users (2010):                                   5,859,118


Population:                                                 24,052,514
GDP ($ US billions 2009):                                      26.4
GDP Per Capita ($ US billions 2009):                  1,130
Health Expenditure per capita ($ US 2009):           64
Military Expenditure (% of GDP 2008):                  4.4
Adult literacy rate (% age 15+):                            54.1
Internet Users (2010):                                  2,609,698

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