Arabian Peninsula الجزيرة العربية

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إنتفاضة البحرين حتى التدخل السعودي [The Bahraini Uprising Until the Saudi Intervention]

عندما بدأت الإنتفاضة في البحرين في 14 من شباط/فبراير، تدفق الآلاف من المواطنين إلى الشوارع للمطالبة بالإصلاحات، بما في ذلك إصلاح الدستور، التحقيق في سرقة الأراضي العامة والذي يكلف خزينة الدولة مليارات الدولارات، وإنهاء التمييز المنظم. وسارعت الحكومة بإطلاق قواتها للتصدي للإحتجاجات. وفي خلال يومين، قتلت عناصر ...  Read More »

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Interview with Toby Jones on the Situation in Bahrain (Conducted by Sharam Aghamir)

[See Toby Jones on  Bahrain in Jadaliyya here] AUDIO PLAYER BELOW    On March 15th, Bahrain’s King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa declared a three-month emergency rule and invited armed forces of Saudi Arabia and other Arab states of the Persian Gulf to help quash two months of growing ...  Read More »

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Is Bahrain Back to Normal?

“Your remarkable and unflinching efforts have protected the lives of innocent people, restored order and maintained security and stability across Bahrain,” Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad al-Khalifa praised security forces on Friday March 25th for bringing life in Bahrain back to “normal.” As he thanked his dedicated ...  Read More »

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The Bidun of Kuwait: A Look Behind the Laws

In Kuwait, some young Bidun men and women often wonder what more they could offer the country to get accepted as one of its own. Their fathers had lost their lives liberating Kuwait from the Iraqi invasion in the 1990 Gulf War. Their ancestors had settled in Kuwait for three consecutive generations but Bidun ...  Read More »

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Kidnapped, Tortured, Killed: the 19th Victim of Police Brutality in Bahrain

Hani Abdul-Aziz Abdullah Jumah, 32,  is the nineteenth victim to fall prey to the Bahraini security forces' brutal attack on peaceful bystanders and protesters. Hani was killed on Saturday March 19th, 2011, but his family, who had been looking for him since, were only informed of his death on the evening of ...  Read More »

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Organizing for Change in Yemen

Much of the media attention has rightfully focused on the violence of the Saleh regime in the face of mass protests and various defections. At the heart of these dynamics, however, are everyday people that are out in the streets articulating their demands and organizing communities. Below are a number of videos ...  Read More »

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Saleh Defiant

In the face of popular protests as well as defections by Yemeni diplomats, government ministers, and military leaders, President Ali Abdullah Saleh yesterday invited the Yemeni youth to participate in a “transparent and open dialogue.” He also announced that he would step down as president by the end of this year, and ...  Read More »

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Bahraini Response to al-Qaradawi's Sectarian Accusation

[The below letter in Arabic was issued in the name of "The People of Bahrain" on 20 March 2011. It responds to Shaykh Yusef al-Qaradawi's accusation that the uprising in Bahrain was a Shi'a sectarian movement targeting Sunnis. While the letter criticiszes and counters al-Qaradawi's portrayl of the uprising ...  Read More »

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When Petro-Dictators Unite: The Bahraini Opposition's Struggle for Survival

For at least several decades, geopolitical, economic, territorial and ideological considerations have led to serious tensions, if not outright feuds, between the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) member states. In recent weeks, however, the regimes of GCC states have shown their citizens that when their authoritarian ...  Read More »

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The Saudi Women Revolution Statement

[The following statement in English and Arabic (below) was written by Mona Kareem on Friday March 18th, 2011, and can be found on her personal blog.] After the recent importance of Social Media in creating change in our societies, a lot of Saudi women have been active on Twitter through the hash tag ...  Read More »

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How it Started in Yemen: From Tahrir to Taghyir

On February 11 after the Friday noon prayers Yemeni students and activists organized a demonstration in the capital city of Sanaa in solidarity with Egyptian demonstrators frustrated with Mubarak’s refusal to resign. At about 1 PM they met in front of the small roundabout by the new campus of Sanaa University and ...  Read More »

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Saudi Arabia's Week of Shame

Since King Abdullah returned to Riyadh last month, members of his ruling family have resorted to myriad political, economic, and personal measures to prevent public expressions of dissent against the Al Saud. The Ministry of Interior issued a statement warning that any act of public protest is prohibited in Saudi ...  Read More »

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Pearl No More: Demolishing the Infrastructure of Revolution

The Pearl Roundabout is gone. On Friday, March 18, Bahraini government forces exploded the structure that had been built in 1982 as a commemoration to the importance of pearl diving to Bahrain's pre-oil economy. The six twisted arms of the sculpture (meant to be dhow sails) that held the concrete Pearl in place ...  Read More »

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An Account of the Arrest of One of Bahrain's Opposition Leaders

[Late last night, early this morning Thursday March 17, 2011, Ebrahim Sharif Alsayed--who is Secretary General of the National Democractic Action Society, Wa'd (a Bahraini opposition group)--was taken from his home by plain-clothed men that identified themselves as amn al-dawlah [state security]. Below is a letter by ...  Read More »

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A State of Violence [Notes from the Bahraini Field- Update 7]

In the early hours of the morning on Wednesday March 16th, the Bahraini army attacked and “cleansed” (the word used on national TV was تطهير) the Pearl roundabout using helicopters, tear gas and live ammunition. Below is a first-hand account from a Human Rights Watch Correspondent in Bahrain: "At 7.30 this ...  Read More »

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Darker Than Black Tuesday [Notes From the Bahraini Field- Update 6]

Amid an atmosphere of extreme tension a number of Asian men, mostly from Pakistan, have reportedly been attacked with swords and iron rods during the last two days. The government seems to have taken up their cause to point blame at opposition protesters although as of yet the circumstances in which they were ...  Read More »

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Bahraini Protesters to Obama: Foreign Troops Unleash Violence Against Bahrainis And Claim to Have American Green Light!

[This is a public letter addressed to US President Barack Obama from by protesters in Bahrain under the name “Movement of 14 February.” The letter was circulated on March 15, 2011] Mr President, You certainly know about the Saudi and other gulf troops arriving to Bahrain to aid the government in clamping down the ...  Read More »

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Bahrain's "Coalition for a Republic" Responds

[The following statement was issued by the Bahraini Coalition for a Republic on March 14, 2011. Both English and Arabic versions of the statement have been circulated together. For more information on the Coalition, see our reports on their formation's announcement as well as their first statement.] The position ...  Read More »

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Different Kinds of Intervention: Groups Respond to GCC Troops Entering Bahrain

Troops from the GCC Peninsula Shield Forces, originating mostly from Saudi Arabia but also the United Arab Emirates, arrived in Bahrain today. When the Bahraini Crown Prince visited Saudi Arabia last week, he was given an ultimatum and a deadline: either the Bahraini government takes control of the situation and ends ...  Read More »

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Notes from the Bahraini Field [Update 5]

[The following is part of a series of email reports from Jadaliyya affiliates in Manama. They will be updated regularly to reflect the latest developments in Bahrain.] Friday March 11, 2011 Thousands of protesters marched towards the King's Court in Riffa, an area where many members of the royal family live. The ...  Read More »

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Bahrain this Weekend: An Invitation to Dialogue Through Violence (Videos)

Today, Sunday March 13, 2011, on the same day that Bahrain's Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa claimed the regime was open to a national dialogue on all issues, security forces violently dispersed peaceful protesters at several locations--inlcuding the Bahrain Financial Harbor and the Pearl ...  Read More »

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Notes from the Bahraini Field [Update 4]

[The following is part of a series of email reports from Jadaliyya affiliates in Manama. They will be updated regularly to reflect the latest developments in Bahrain.] Friday March 11, 2011 Ahead of a protest march to the King's Court in Riffa today (where most of the royal family live), tensions are high. For ...  Read More »

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Meeting Slogans With Gunfire: Saudi Security Forces Use Live Ammunition Against Protesters (Video)

On the eve of Saudi Arabia's "Day of Rage," country-wide protests planned for Friday March 11, 200-300 protesters took to the streets in the city of Qatif, located in the eastern province of the Kingdom. Participants chanted a range of slogans, inlcuding "peaceful, peaceful" and "freedom, ...  Read More »

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Distortions of Dialogue

"I've had nothing yet,” Alice replied in an offended tone, “so I can't take more.” “You mean you can't take less,” said the Hatter, “it's very easy to take more than nothing." Recent news reports on the current uprising in Bahrain are all talking about the talk; we hear, or read, that, “Clinton, Saudi ...  Read More »

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Bahraini "Coalition for a Republic" Issues First Statement

[The following statement was released on March 7, 2011, by the "Coalition for a Republic" in Bahrain shortly after their creation was announced. Both English and Arabic versions of the statement have been circulated together.] A statement on behalf of the Coalition for a Republic In the name of our ...  Read More »

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"Coalition for a Republic" Announced in Bahrain (Video)

On Monday, March 7, 2011, Hassan Mushaimi, Secretary General of al-Haq Movement, one of the leading opposition groups in Bahrain, announced the formation of the "Coalition for a Republic" in Bahrain, comprised of al-Haq Movement for Liberty and Democracy, al-Wafa National Islamic Movement, and Bahrain ...  Read More »

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Personal Revolutions: One Woman's View from the Bahraini Frontline

Since February 14th 2011, Bahrain has been experiencing a massive popular uprising in which large numbers of women from different socio-economic, political and religious backgrounds have taken to the streets to demand greater rights, freedom and democracy. They were met with a brutal crackdown from the Interior ...  Read More »

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The Center or Bust: Will the various forces in Bahrain finally compromise on a centrist approach to power?

The events in Bahrain are most tantalizing.   Should the opposition gain some ground and succeed in breaking the 240-year old stranglehold of the al-Khalifa family on the island, it would make Bahrain a beacon of social and political progress in the Gulf.  Should they fail and see their movements ...  Read More »

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Demands of Saudi Youth For the Future of the Nation

Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz, Our precious country is experiencing a relative openness in different fields, and we can feel the tireless efforts of reform in religious, social, and economic areas and organizations, all of which seek to meet the demands of the people. However, we ...  Read More »

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Saudi Government Forbids Media From Reporting Yesterday's Protests, Issues Warning

The Saudi Ministry of Interior Issued the Following Statement Today: Based on recent attempts to circumvent rules, regulations, and procedures for illegal purposes, and confirming its December 30, 2008 declaration, the security spokesperson for the Ministry of Interior clarified that Saudi laws and regulations ...  Read More »

About the Arabian Peninsula Page

Despite its regional and global significance, the Arabian Peninsula has played a tangential role in the study of the modern Middle East. Jadaliyya’s Arabian Peninsula Page seeks to further the debates on the region and its eighty million inhabitants from a myopic focus on statistics, conjecture, and religious violence to one on people and communities, everyday hardships and popular struggles, culture and politics. It will bring together scholars, writers, artists, bloggers, journalists, activists, and photographers who work on or live in Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. The goal is to provide an open and collaborative space for the production of knowledge on a region that has largely escaped critical engagement.

 

Arabian Peninsula Map and Stats

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BAHRAIN 

Population (2016):                                         1,378,904
GDP ($US billions; 2016):                                     66.37
GDP Per Capita ($US billions; 2016):                50,300 
Health Expenditure (% of GDP; 2014):                      5
Military Expenditure (% of GDP; 2016):                4.59
Adult literacy rate (% age 15+; 2016):                   95.7
Internet Users (/million; 2015):               1.259 (93.5%)

KUWAIT

Population (2016):                                        2,832,776     
GDP ($ US billions; 2016):                                    301.1
GDP Per Capita ($ US billions; 2016):                71,300
Health Expenditure (% of GDP; 2014):                   3.0
Military Expenditure (% of GDP; 2014):                3.65
Adult literacy rate (% age 15+; 2015):                  96.3
Internet Users (/million; 2015):               2.289 (82.1%)

OMAN

Population (2016):                                        3,355,262 
GDP ($US billions; 2016):                                    173.1      
GDP Per Capita ($US billions 2016):                 43,700
Health Expenditure (% of GDP; 2014):                   3.6
Military Expenditure (% of GDP; 2016):             12.75
Adult literacy rate (% age 15+; 2015):                  91.1
Internet Users (/million; 2015):              2.438 (74.2%)

QATAR

Population (2016):                                        2,258,283
GDP ($US billions; 2016):                                    156.6
GDP Per Capita ($US billions; 2016):              129,700
Health Expenditure (% of GDP; 2015):                   2.2
Military Expenditure (% of GDP 2008):                  2.3
Adult literacy rate (% age 15+; 2015):                  97.3
Internet Users (/million; 2015):              2.039 (92.9%)

SAUDI ARABIA

Population (2016):                                       28,160,273
GDP ($US trillions 2016):                                      1.731
GDP Per Capita ($US billions 2016):                  54,100
Health Expenditure (% of GDP; 2014):                   4.7
Military Expenditure (% of GDP 2015):                13.5
Adult literacy rate (% age 15+; 2015):                  94.7
Internet Users (/million; 2015):              19.32 (69.6%)

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

Population (2016):                                       5,927,482
GDP ($US billions 2016):                                     667.2
GDP Per Capita ($US billions 2016):                67,700
Health Expenditure (% of GDP; 2015):                 3.6
Military Expenditure (% of GDP; 2014):              5.66
Adult literacy rate (% age 15+; 2015):                93.8
Internet Users (/million; 2015)              5.274 (91.2%)

YEMEN

Population (2016):                                     27,392,779
GDP ($US billions; 2016):                                    73.45
GDP Per Capita ($ US billions; 2016):                2,500
Health Expenditure (% of GDP; 2014):                  5.6
Military Expenditure (% of GDP; 2014):               3.97
Adult literacy rate (% age 15+; 2015):                  70.1
Internet Users (/million; 2015):              6.711 (25.1%)

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